mysql-python snippets

How to install and use the mysql-python library

Tagged python, mysql, mysql-python, install  Languages python

First download mysql-python from

Extract it and run:

python build
sudo python install

If you get this error you need to install python-dev package:

In file included from _mysql.c:29:
pymemcompat.h:10:20: error: Python.h: No such file or directory
_mysql.c:30:26: error: structmember.h: No such file or directory
In file included from /usr/include/mysql/mysql.h:44,
                 from _mysql.c:40:
_mysql.c:2808: warning: return type defaults to 'int'
_mysql.c: In function 'DL_EXPORT':
_mysql.c:2808: error: expected declaration specifiers before 'init_mysql'
_mysql.c:2886: error: expected '{' at end of input
error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

Installing the python-dev package on Debian is done with apt-get or synaptic:

apt-get install python-dev

Installing the library should now work:

python build
python install

Next test the library in the python console:

import MySQLdb

# Note that this example uses UTF-8 encoding
conn = MySQLdb.connect(host='localhost', user='...', passwd='...', db='...', charset = "utf8", use_unicode = True)
cursor = conn.cursor()

cursor.execute ("SELECT * FROM cities")
rows = cursor.fetchall ()

for row in rows:
  print "%s, %s" % (row[0], row[1].encode('utf-8'))

print "Number of rows returned: %d" % cursor.rowcount

Don't forget to close the cursor and connection, and if you're inserting data commit before closing, because autocommit is disabled by default:

cursor.close ()
conn.commit ()
conn.close ()

For more information about MySQLdb see this article.